Humans encode seven APOBEC3 (A3A-A3H) cytidine deaminase proteins that differ in their expression profiles, preferred nucleotide recognition sequence and capacity for restriction of RNA and DNA viruses. We identified APOBEC3 hotspots in numerous herpesvirus genomes. To determine the impact of host APOBEC3 on herpesvirus biology in vivo, we examined whether murine APOBEC3 (mA3) restricts murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV68). Viral replication was impaired by several human APOBEC3 proteins, but not mA3, upon transfection of the viral genome. The restriction was abrogated upon mutation of the A3A and A3B active sites. Interestingly, virus restriction by A3A, A3B, A3C, and A3DE was lost if the infectious DNA was delivered by the virion. MHV68 pathogenesis, including lung replication and splenic latency, was not altered in mice lacking mA3. We infer that mA3 does not restrict wild type MHV68 and restriction by human A3s may be limited in the herpesvirus replication process. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Minkah, N., Chavez, K., Shah, P., MacCarthy, T., Chen, H., Landau, N., & Krug, L. T. (2014). Host restriction of murine gammaherpesvirus 68 replication by human APOBEC3 cytidine deaminases but not murine APOBEC3. Virology, 454–455(1), 215–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2014.02.022