This article is an historical analysis of West Africa's first coup. Starting from contemporary accounts of the 1963 assassination of president Sylvanus Olympio of the Republic of Togo, and the overthrow of his government, the article identifies three competing explanations of events. It follows these three explanations through Togo's "shadow archives," asking how and why each of them was taken up or disregarded by particular people at particular moments in time. The article develops a new interpretation of West Africa's first coup, and outlines its implications for the study of national sovereignty, neo-colonialism, and pan-African solidarity in postcolonial Africa.
Skinner, K. (2019). West Africa’s First Coup: Neo-Colonial and Pan-African Projects in Togo’s "shadow Archives. African Studies Review. https://doi.org/10.1017/asr.2019.39