Background & Aims: Oxygen radicals and reactive oxygen species play an important role in inflammatory episodes in the bowel. Nonetheless, little is known about the regulation of colonic superoxide dismutases and key antioxidant enzymes with cytoprotective and radical detoxifying properties. The aim of this study was to examine the regulation of manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD) in acute acetic acid-induced colitis. Methods: Colitis was induced in adult rats by the rectal administration of 5% acetic acid. Total RNA and protein were isolated from the inflamed colon from 1 to 24 hours after the induction of colitis. MnSOD messenger RNA and protein levels were evaluated by Northern and Western analyses, respectively. MnSOD protein was localized in cross sections of the colon by immunocytochemistry. Results: MnSOD messenger RNA levels showed a rapid 14-96-fold induction in response to acetic acid administration. Western analysis showed a 22-49-fold induction in MnSOD protein levels. Immunocytochemistry showed induction of MnSOD protein, specifically in smooth muscle cells, epithelial cells at the base of the glands, and myenteric plexus neurons. Conclusions: MnSOD messenger RNA and protein levels are rapidly induced following the inflammatory insult, implicating a role for MnSOD in the acute phase of colonic inflammation. We suggest that induction of MnSOD in specific cell types may have a cytoprotective function. © 1995.
Tannahill, C. L., Stevenot, S. A., Campbell-Thompson, M., Nick, H. S., & Valentine, J. F. (1995). Induction and immunolocalization of manganese superoxide dismutase in acute acetic acid-induced colitis in the rat. Gastroenterology, 109(3), 800–811. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-5085(95)90387-9