Poor efficacy response to trastuzumab therapy in advanced gastric cancer with homogeneous HER2 positive and non-intestinal type

6Citations
Citations of this article
7Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Introduction: Factors affecting trastuzumab efficacy in advanced gastric cancer (GC) are largely unknown. Heterogeneity is a notable feature of HER2 in GC. Whether the heterogeneity influences trastuzumab efficacy is still unknown. Results: The HER2homogeneous group and HER2heterogeneous group showed no statistical difference in RR (46.4% vs 55.0%, P = 0.558), PFS (5.80 vs 6.30 months, P = 0.804) and OS (16.00 vs 16.00 months, P = 0.787). The Laurenintestinal group and Laurennonintestinal group demonstrated no discrepancy in PFS (6.00 vs 6.00 months, P = 0.912) and OS (16.50 vs 14.00 months, P = 0.227). However, by combining HER2 heterogeneity and Lauren classification, PFS and OS of HER2homogeneous/Laurennon-intestinal subgroup was the shortest among the 4 subgroups (P = 0.012 and P = 0.037), which was much shorter than the other patients (PFS:3.00 vs 6.30 months, P = 0.003; OS: 4.50 vs 16.50 months, P = 0.004). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that HER2 heterogeneity combined with Lauren classification was an independent prognostic factor in both PFS (P = 0.031 and P = 0.002) and OS (P = 0.039 and P = 0.013). Materials and Methods: 48 patients with HER2 positive advanced GCs accepting trastuzumab treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Based on HER2 heterogeneity, the patients were divided into a HER2homogeneous group and a HER2heterogeneous group. Response rate (RR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared. Main clinicopathological factors including Lauren classification were subjected to subgroup analysis. Conclusions: HER2 heterogeneity alone may not correlate with trastuzumab efficacy in HER2 positive advanced GCs. HER2 heterogeneity combined with Lauren classification may help to identify a subgroup with poor response to trastuzumab which is homogeneous HER2 positive and non-intestinal type.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Xu, C., Liu, Y., Jiang, D., Li, Q., Ge, X., Zhang, Y., … Liu, T. (2017). Poor efficacy response to trastuzumab therapy in advanced gastric cancer with homogeneous HER2 positive and non-intestinal type. Oncotarget, 8(20), 33185–33196. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.16567

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free