Racial Differences in Heart Failure Outcomes. Evidence From the Tele-HF Trial (Telemonitoring to Improve Heart Failure Outcomes).

11Citations
Citations of this article
40Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are racial differences in patient-reported health status as well as mortality and rehospitalization after hospitalization for heart failure (HF). Background: Little is known about whether racial differences exist in patient-reported outcomes after HF hospitalization. Methods: We analyzed data from 1,427 patients (636 non-Hispanic African Americans [45%]; 791 non-Hispanic whites [55%]) enrolled in the Tele-HF (Telemonitoring to Improve Heart Failure Outcomes) trial. Health status was measured with the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) at baseline and then at 3 and 6 months. Generalized linear mixed models and propensity score methods were used to adjust for clustering within sites and differences between races. Results: Although black patients reported better adjusted health status at baseline (black vs. white difference in KCCQ summary scores was 6.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.98 to 9.46; p < 0.001), after adjusting for patient demographics, comorbidities, clinical laboratory values, and baseline KCCQ score, we detected no significant racial differences in patient-reported health status at 3 months (black vs. white difference in KCCQ score: 2.28; 95% CI: -0.84 to 5.41; p = 0.15) or 6 months (black vs. white difference in KCCQ score: 1.91; 95% CI: -1.31 to 5.13; p = 0.24). Conclusions: Compared with white patients, black patients with HF had better patient-reported health status shortly after HF admission but not at 3 or 6 months. Our study failed to show that black patients were disadvantaged with regard to health status after HF hospitalization. (Tele-HF: Yale Heart Failure Telemonitoring Study; NCT00303212).

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Qian, F., Parzynski, C. S., Chaudhry, S. I., Hannan, E. L., Shaw, B. A., Spertus, J. A., & Krumholz, H. M. (2015). Racial Differences in Heart Failure Outcomes. Evidence From the Tele-HF Trial (Telemonitoring to Improve Heart Failure Outcomes). JACC: Heart Failure, 3(7), 531–538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2015.03.005

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free