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This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: Aim: To systematically review the literature to identify interventions that alone, or in combination, are effective in improving antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients. Research questions: What is the evidence that exposure of hospital inpatients to antibiotics can be reduced safely, without compromising clinical outcomes? What is the evidence that changing the antibiotic choice, dose or route can be achieved without compromising clinical outcomes? Are interventions that include goal setting, feedback and action planning more effective than interventions that only include one or two of these components? Do interventions that include behaviour change techniques to enhance capability have greater initial effect (Michie 2011)? Do interventions that include behaviour change techniques to enhance capability have more sustained effectiveness (Michie 2011)? What is the relationship between change in antibiotic use or choice and microbial outcomes?
Davey, P., Scott, C. L., Brown, E., Charani, E., Michie, S., Ramsay, C. R., & Marwick, C. A. (2017). Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients (updated protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011236.pub2