Ovarian carcinomas are associated with increased inflammation which is based upon an up-regulation of inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Moreover, based on our previous published data, the extra-renal vitamin D metabolism seems to be dysregulated in comparison to healthy tissue. In order to gain further insight into the prostaglandin (PG)- and vitamin D-metabolism in ovarian carcinomas, the study aimed to evaluate the expression of the PG metabolising enzymes COX-2 and 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) compared to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in benign and malignant ovarian tissues. Additionally, we determined the 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH2)D3) serum levels. Expression of VDR, COX-2 and 15-PGDH was determined by Western blot analysis. Serum levels of 25(OH2)D3 and PGE2 were measured by chemiluminescence-based and colorimetric immunoassay. We detected significantly higher expressions of the PG metabolising enzymes 15-PGDH and COX-2 in malignant tissue and PGE2 serum levels were 2-fold higher in tumour patients. Furthermore, we found an inverse correlation to the VDR-expression which was 62.1% lower in malignant tissues compared to that in benign tissues. Surprisingly, we could not detect any differences between the 25(OH2)D3 serum levels in either group (n=20). These data suggest a correlation between PG- and vitamin D-metabolism in ovarian carcinomas. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Thill, M., Fischer, D., Kelling, K., Hoellen, F., Dittmer, C., Hornemann, A., … Becker, S. (2010). Expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) in benign and malignant ovarian tissue and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH2)D3) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) serum level in ovarian cancer patients. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 121(1–2), 387–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.03.049