Epidemiologia e perfil de impacto das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis atendidas num centro de saúde especializado de Janeiro de 1999 a Dezembro de 2009

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Abstract

Background: Sexually Transmitted Diseases are still considered a serious public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. Objective: To examine Sexually Transmitted Diseases prevalence and the sickness impact profile of STDs in a reference health center specializing in the treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Method: We collected epidemiological, demographic, clinical and laboratory data from the medical records and interviews of 4,128 patients who had attended the center from January 1999 to December 2009. Results: Male patients outnumbered (76%) females (24%), Caucasians outnumbered (74.3%) those of mixed race (14.8%), blacks (10.8%) and Asians (0.1%). STD occurrence was higher in the 20-29 age group (46.2%) This population included 34.7% high school graduates, 8.7% college graduates and 0.8% illiterates. As for affective-sexual orientation, 86.5% were heterosexual, 7.8% homosexual and 5.5% bisexual. Regarding patientś sexual practices over the previous 30 days, 67.7% reported sexual intercourse with one person, 8.6% had had sex with two persons and 3.9%, with three or more people. The highest incidence of STD was condyloma acuminata, affecting 29.4% of all the patients, genital candidiasis 14.2%, and genital herpes 10.6%. Of the 44.3% who submitted to serologic testing for HIV detection 5% were positive, with a ratio of 6.8 males to 1 female. Conclusions: STD prevalence remains high in Brazil and it is necessary to invest in early detection, prevention and treatment. © 2013 by Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia.

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Fagundes, L. J., Vieira, E. E., Moysés, A. C. M. C., De Lima, F. D., De Morais, F. R. B., & Vizinho, N. L. (2013). Epidemiologia e perfil de impacto das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis atendidas num centro de saúde especializado de Janeiro de 1999 a Dezembro de 2009. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, 88(4), 523–529. https://doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20132149

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