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Hybrid weakness phenomena in rice reportedly have two causes: those of HWC1 and HWC2 genes and those of HWA1 and HWA2 genes. No detailed study of the latter has been reported. For this study, we first produced crosses among cultivars carrying the weakness-causing allele on the HWA1 and HWA2 loci to confirm the phenotype of the hybrid weakness and the genotypes of the cultivars on the two loci, as reported earlier. We then confirmed that these cultivars belong to Indica. Subsequent linkage analysis of HWA1 and HWA2 genes conducted using DNA markers revealed that both genes are located in the 1,637-kb region, surrounded by the same DNA markers on the long arm of chromosome 11. The possibility of allelic interaction inducing hybrid weakness is discussed. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
Ichitani, K., Taura, S., Tezuka, T., Okiyama, Y., & Kuboyama, T. (2011). Chromosomal location of HWA1 and HWA2, complementary hybrid weakness genes in rice. Rice, 4(2), 29–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12284-011-9062-2