Foraging mechanisms of siscowet lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush siscowet) on pelagic prey

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Abstract

The reaction distance, angle of attack, and foraging success were determined for siscowet lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush siscowet) during laboratory trials under lighting conditions that approximated downwelling spectral irradiance and intensity (9.00×108-1.06×1014photonsm-2s-1) at daytime depths. Siscowet reaction distance in response to golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) was directly correlated with increasing light intensity until saturation at 1.86×1011photonsm-2s-1, above which reaction distance was constant within the range of tested light intensities. At the lowest tested light intensity, sensory detection was sufficient to locate prey at 25±2cm, while increasing light intensities increased reaction distance up to 59±2cm at 1.06×1014photonsm-2s-1. Larger prey elicited higher reaction distances than smaller prey at all light intensities while moving prey elicited higher reaction distances than stationary prey at the higher light intensities (6.00×109 to 1.06×1014photonsm-2s-1). The capture and consumption of prey similarly increased with increasing light intensity while time to capture decreased with increasing light intensity. The majority of orientations toward prey occurred within 120° of the longitudinal axis of the siscowet's eyes, although reaction distances among 30° increments along the entire axis were not significantly different. The developed predictive model will help determine reaction distances for siscowet in various photic environments and will help identify the mechanisms and behavior that allow for low light intensity foraging within freshwater systems.

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Keyler, T. D., Hrabik, T. R., Austin, C. L., Gorman, O. T., & Mensinger, A. F. (2015). Foraging mechanisms of siscowet lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush siscowet) on pelagic prey. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 41(4), 1162–1171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2015.09.016

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