Heat transfer equipment is used in most food processing operations as an important part of the manufacturing or preservation processes. The transfer of energy to or from food materials during processing requires special equipment, which is designed and operated on the basis of the engineering principles of heat transfer and the experience and practice of food process engineering.
Saravacos, G., & Kostaropoulos, A. E. (2016). Heat transfer equipment. In Food Engineering Series (pp. 293–330). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25020-5_6