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An ab initio study on liquid silicon carbide

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Abstract

This work presents for the first time the properties of the liquid phase of silicon carbide using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations based on density-functional theory (DFT). Our DFT scheme employs a plane-wave basis to expand the atomic orbitals, pseudopotentials built with the projector augmented wave method, and the local-density approximation to describe the exchange–correlation interactions. With this approach we we determine a melting temperature of the zinc-blend phase of 2678.54 ( ± 41.67) K with a pressure of 0.25 (± 0.40) GPa and a density of 3.06 g/cm3 in good agreement with the experimental normal melting point of 2818.00 (± 40.00) K. At these conditions, the diffusion coefficient of the melt is 6.86 x 10−3 nm2/ps which compares well with the estimated value of 2.46 x 10−3 nm2/ps in the experiments done at atmospheric pressure. Finally, our model shows that silicon carbide has a negative melting curve that qualitatively agrees with experiments, with a slope of -36.93 K/GPa with pressures between 2.56 and 6.48 GPa, which compares well with the -44 K/GPa reported from the laboratory carried out with pressures of up to 7.7 GPa. This work provides a straightforward methodology based on the popular ’Z-method’ to produce liquid systems of silicon carbide, from which amorphous systems can easily be then produced by quenching.

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APA

Saiz, F. (2020). An ab initio study on liquid silicon carbide. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2019.109204

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