Manufacturing and commercialization of nanomaterials are often hampered due to lack of appropriate large scale production of these nanomaterials. In this review article, we discuss different types of commercial scale production, including vapour, liquid and solid phase synthesis. The choice of production methods will influence the nanomaterials' properties and functionalities, scalability and production costs. This review emphasized on the fundamental process of each production method, including merits and drawbacks.
Su, S. S., & Chang, I. (2017). Review of production routes of nanomaterials. In Commercialization of Nanotechnologies-A Case Study Approach (pp. 15–29). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56979-6_2