According to official EU data, about 35% of buildings in EU are more than 50 years old and, as a consequence, extremely poorly energy efficient. It is assumed that if the overall energy efficiency of the buildings in EU were to be improved, the final energy consumption could be decreased by as much as 6%, resulting in a 6% decrease of CO 2 emissions. Two key documents were published to increase energy efficiency of the buildings: the Energy Performance of Building Directive (EPBD 2010) and the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED 2012 [Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (Official Journal of the European Union L 315/1)]). This chapter focuses on the presentation of energy performance certificates of building, which is one of the most recognizable outcome of directives (ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-efficiency/buildings).
Medved, S., Domjan, S., & Arkar, C. (2019). Energy labelling of buildings. In Springer Tracts in Civil Engineering (pp. 349–356). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02822-0_13