The influence of primer choice on archaeal phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene PCR

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Abstract

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting 16S rRNA genes followed by DNA sequencing are still important tools to characterize microbial communities present in environmental samples. However, despite the crescent number of deposited archaeal DNA sequences in databases, until now we do not have a clear picture of the effectiveness and specificity of the universal primers widely used to describe archaeal communities from different natural habitats. Therefore, in this study, we compared the phylogenetic profile obtained when Cerrado lake sediment DNA samples were submitted to 16S rDNA PCR employing three Archaea-specific primer sets commonly used. Our findings reveal that specificity of primers differed depending on the source of the analyzed DNA. Furthermore, archaeal communities revealed by each primer pair varied greatly, indicating that 16S rRNA gene primer choice affects the community profile obtained, with differences in both taxon detection and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) estimates.

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Belmok, A., Rodrigues-Oliveira, T., Lopes, F. A. C., Krüger, R. H., & Kyaw, C. M. (2021). The influence of primer choice on archaeal phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene PCR. Brazilian Journal of Biology = Revista Brasleira de Biologia, 83, e247529. https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.247529

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