Diagnosis in renal masses is often based on incidental findings by ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Imaging modalities to assess the diagnosis or stage of renal tumors were analyzed via a systematic review. The diagnosis of a renal mass should be based on contrast-enhanced CT or MRI with the recommendation to use contrast-enhanced US for further differentiation in unclear renal masses.
Vogel, C., Ziegelmüller, B., Ljungberg, B., Bensalah, K., Bex, A., Canfield, S., … Staehler, M. (2019). Imaging in Suspected Renal-Cell Carcinoma: Systematic Review. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 17(2), e345–e355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2018.07.024