Immigrants and Italian labor market: statistical or taste-based discrimination?

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Abstract

Types of discrimination are usually distinguished by economic theory in statistical and taste-based. Using a correspondence experiment, we analyze which of the two affects Italian labor market the most. In this respect, we studied the difference in discrimination reserved to first- and second-generation immigrants, taking gender differences into account. Even if we want to admit a rational discrimination based on perceived productivity differences (statistical discrimination) against first-generation immigrants (concerning language and education gaps), the same would not be reasonable for second-generation ones. Since they are born and educated in Italy, where they have always lived, the associated discrimination must be taste-based.

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Busetta, G., Campolo, M. G., & Panarello, D. (2018). Immigrants and Italian labor market: statistical or taste-based discrimination? Genus, 74(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41118-018-0030-1

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