Toxoplasma gondii: Isolation, biological and molecular characterisation of samples from free-range gallus gallus domesticus from countryside Southeast Brazil

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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii presents a high prevalence worldwide, infecting several animals. Felines are considered the definitive hosts and among the intermediate hosts we highlight mammals and birds. The man can become infected by ingesting tissue cysts present in birds and mammals. Biological and molecular aspects of T. gondii allows a better understanding of the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis. This work is a serologic screening of 58 chickens grown (Gallus gallus domesticus) for human consumption in Espírito Santo State, by means of indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA). Thirteen chickens tested positive for anti-T. gondii antibodies. The heart and brain of five positive chickens were harvested, treated with pepsin and inoculated separately, in two Swiss mice, intraperitoneally. Tachyzoites were observed in the peritoneum of all the animals, between seven and 10 days after the inoculum. Ten isolates were obtained and biologically characterised in BALB/c mice inoculated with 101 to 104 tachyzoites. All isolates were classified as virulent or intermediately virulent. Isolates were genotyped by means of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis, revealing three different genotypes. None of the isolates exhibited the clonal type I, II or III genotype. No genotypic differences were observed between the isolates from the brain or heart from the same bird.

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Ferreira, T. C. R., Buery, J. C., Moreira, N. I. B., Santos, C. B., Costa, J. G. L., Pinto, L. V., … Fux, B. (2018). Toxoplasma gondii: Isolation, biological and molecular characterisation of samples from free-range gallus gallus domesticus from countryside Southeast Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria, 27(3), 384–389. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1984-296120180028

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