Shadow Moire method using the phase shifting technique and digital image processing: computational implementation and application to the 3D-reconstruction of a buckled plate

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Abstract

The Shadow Moire fringe patterns are level lines of equal depth generated by interference between a master grid and its shadow projected on the surface. In simplistic approach, the minimum error is about the order of the master grid pitch, that is, always larger than 0,1 mm, resulting in an experimental technique of low precision. The use of a phase shift increases the accuracy of the Shadow Moire technique. The current work uses the phase shifting method to determine the surfaces three-dimensional shape using isothamic fringe patterns and digital image processing. The current study presents the method and applies it to images obtained by simulation for error evaluation, as well as to a buckled plate, obtaining excellent results. The method hands itself particularly useful to decrease the errors in the interpretation of the Moire fringes that can adversely affect the calculations of displacements in pieces containing many concave and convex regions in relatively small areas.

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Neto, P. S., & Coelho, G. C. (2000). Shadow Moire method using the phase shifting technique and digital image processing: computational implementation and application to the 3D-reconstruction of a buckled plate. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Mecanicas/Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences, 22(3), 399–409. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-73862000000300003

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