We examined the effect of biosolid compost on the adsorption and complexation of cadmium (Cd) in two soils (Egmont and Manawatu) which varied in their organic matter content. The effect of biosolid compost on the uptake of Cd from the Manawatu soil, treated with various levels of Cd (0-10 mg Cd kg -1 soil), was also examined using mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants. The transformation of Cd in soil was evaluated by a chemical fractionation scheme. Addition of biosolid compost increased negative charge in soil. The effect of biosolid compost on Cd adsorption varied between the soils, with a large portion of the sorbed Cd remaining in solution as an organic complex. Increasing addition of Cd increased Cd concentration in plants, resulting in decreased plant growth at high levels of Cd (i.e., phytotoxicity). Addition of biosolid compost was effective in reducing the phytotoxicity of Cd as indicated by the decrease in the concentration of NH4OAc extractable-Cd and soil solution-Cd. The solid-phase fractionation study indicated that the addition of biosolid compost decreased the concentration of the soluble and exchangeable Cd fraction but increased the concentration of organic-bound Cd fraction in soil. Alleviation of Cd phytotoxicity by biosolid compost can be attributed primarily to complexation of Cd by the organic matter in the biosolid compost.
Bolan, N. S., Adriano, D. C., Duraisamy, P., & Mani, A. (2003). Immobilization and phytoavailability of cadmium in variable charge soils. III. Effect of biosolid compost addition. Plant and Soil, 256(1), 231–241. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026288021059
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