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Key Points: • The studies on AI reading of screening mammograms have methodological limitations that undermine the conclusion that AI could do better than radiologists. • These studies do not informon numbers of extra breast cancers found by AI that could represent overdiagnosis. • The ability of AI to detect breast cancers is overestimated because there are no result on biopsy procedures that should be performed when mammograms are positive at AI reading but not at radiology reading.
Autier, P., Burrion, J. B., & Grivegnée, A. R. (2020, September 1). AI for reading screening mammograms: the need for circumspection. European Radiology. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06833-6