Virtually all health care organizations have had at least one data breach since 2012. Most of the largest data breaches and Health Care Information Privacy and Accountability Act fines could have been prevented by the simplest of strategies. Each researcher must clearly understand his or her responsibilities and liability.
Perakslis, E. D., & Stanley, M. (2016). A cybersecurity primer for translational research. Science Translational Medicine, 8(322). https://doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa4493