The Antarctic continent, which contains enough ice to raise sea level globally by around 60 m, is the last major scientific frontier on our planet. We know far more about the surfaces of the Moon, Mars and around half of Pluto than we do about the underside of the Antarctic ice sheet. Geophysical exploration is the key route to measuring the ice sheetâ s internal structure and the land on which the ice rests. From such measurements, we are able to reveal how the ice sheet flows, and how it responds to atmospheric and ocean warming. By examining landscapes that have been moulded by former ice flow, we are able to identify how the ice sheet behaved in the past. Geophysics is therefore critical to understanding change in Antarctica.
Siegert, M. J., Jamieson, S. S. R., & White, D. (2018). Exploration of subsurface Antarctica: Uncovering past changes and modern processes. In Geological Society Special Publication (Vol. 461, pp. 1–6). Geological Society of London. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP461.15