This study seeks to clarify the reasons for some of the differences in the published data on chromatic motion perception, and to provide further support for the existence of a low-level motion mechanism sensitive to purely chromatic change. Observers discriminated the direction of motion of displaced sinusoidal gratings in the presence of a static grating mask (or pedestal). Each component of the stimulus was independently described in cardinal colour space and calibrated for subjective equiluminance using multiple methods. The motion structure, stimulus size, temporal frequency, contrast, relative phase and chromatic properties were all varied parametrically and the data cast in terms of predictions made by two different theoretical approaches to the test-mask combination. The vast majority of the data were well explained by a low-level motion mechanism sensitive to the motion of foveally-placed chromatic stimuli. Data consistent with either higher-level motion perception or a luminance-like signal were found outside the fovea and when the stimulus properties did not otherwise favour chromatic motion perception. There was some explanation of inconsistencies in previously published data and a strong suggestion that previous results showing pedestal-like behaviour for these stimulus combinations were a special case rather than a general result. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Cropper, S. J. (2006). The detection of motion in chromatic stimuli: Pedestals and masks. In Vision Research (Vol. 46, pp. 724–738). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2005.06.034