Introduction: We investigated whether attachment of gelatin hydrogel microsphere (GHM) sheet impregnated with antagomir-92a on the infarcted heart promotes angiogenesis and cardiomyogenesis, and improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Methods: GHM sheet impregnated with antagomir-92a, its scramble sequence antagomir-control sheet or the sheet alone was attached on the area at risk of MI after the left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was included in the sheet to trace proliferating cells. Results: The antagomir-92a sheet significantly increased capillary density in the infarct border zone 14 days after MI compared to the antagomir-control sheet or the sheet alone, associated with an increase in endothelial cells incorporated with BrdU. The antagomir-92a sheet significantly increased cardiac stem cells incorporated with BrdU 3 days after MI in the infarct border zone. This was associated with an increase in cardiomyocytes incorporated with BrdU 14 days after MI. Scar area was significantly reduced by the antagomir-92a sheet compared to the antagomir-control sheet or the sheet alone (12.8 ± 1.3 vs 25.2 ± 2.2, 24.0 ± 1.7% LV area, respectively) 14 days after MI. LV dilatation was inhibited, and LV wall motion was improved 14 days after MI in rats with the antagomir-92a sheet compared to the antagomir-control sheet or the sheet alone. Conclusions: These results suggest that attachment of the GHM sheet impregnated with antagomir-92a on the area at risk of MI enhances angiogenesis, promotes cardiomyogenesis, and ameliorates LV function.
Fujita, M., Otani, H., Iwasaki, M., Yoshioka, K., Shimazu, T., Shiojima, I., & Tabata, Y. (2016). Antagomir-92a impregnated gelatin hydrogel microsphere sheet enhances cardiac regeneration after myocardial infarction in rats. Regenerative Therapy, 5, 9–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reth.2016.04.002