Viral myocarditis is common and can progress to cardiac failure. Cardiac cell pro-inflammatory responses are critical for viral clearance, however sustained inflammatory responses contribute to cardiac damage. The transcription factor NF-κB regulates expression of many pro-inflammatory cytokines, but basal and induced activation of NF-κB in different cardiac cell types have not been compared. Here, we used primary cultures of cardiac myocytes and cardiac fibroblasts to identify cardiac cell type-specific events. We show that while viral infection readily stimulates activation of NF-κB in cardiac fibroblasts, cardiac myocytes are largely recalcitrant to activation of NF-κB. Moreover, we show that cardiac myocyte subpopulations differ in their NF-κB subcellular localization and identify the cis-Golgi as a cardiac myocyte-specific host compartment. Together, results indicate that NF-κB-dependent signaling in the heart is cardiac cell type-specific, likely reflecting mechanisms that have evolved to balance responses that can be either protective or damaging to the heart.
Rivera-Serrano, E. E., & Sherry, B. (2017). NF-κB activation is cell type-specific in the heart. Virology, 502, 133–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2016.12.022