Objectives We evaluated the impact of implementation of the TN-STEMI programme on various characteristics of the pharmacoinvasive group by comparing clinical as well as angiographic outcomes between the pre- and post-implementation groups. Methods The TN-STEMI programme involved 2420 patients of which 423 patients had undergone a pharmacoinvasive strategy of reperfusion. Of these, 407 patients had a comprehensive blinded core-lab evaluation of their angiograms post-lysis and clinical evaluation of various parameters including time-delays and adverse cardio- and cerebro-vascular events at 1 year. Streptokinase was used as the thrombolytic agent in 94.6% of the patients. Results In the post-implementation phase, there was a significant improvement in ‘First medical contact (FMC)-to-ECG’ (11 vs. 5 min, p < 0.001) and ‘Lysis-to-angiogram’ (98.3 vs. 18.2 h, p < 0.001) times. There was also a significant improvement in the number of coronary angiograms performed within 24 h (20.7% vs. 69.3%, p < 0.001). The ‘Time-to-FMC’ (160 vs. 135 min, p = 0.07) and ‘Total ischemic time’ (210 vs. 176 min, p = 0.22) also showed a decreasing trend. IRA patency rate (70.2% vs. 86%, p < 0.001) and thrombus burden (TIMI grade 0: 49.1% vs. 73.4%, p < 0.001) were superior in this group. The MACCE rates were similar except for fewer readmissions (29.8% vs. 12.6%, p = 0.0002) and target revascularizations at 1 year (4.8% vs. none, p = 0.002) in the post-implementation group. Conclusion The implementation of a system-of-care (hub-and-spoke model) in the pharmacoinvasive group of the TN-STEMI programme demonstrated shorter lysis-to-angiogram times, better TIMI flow patterns and lower thrombus burden in the post-implementation phase.
Raja, D. C., Subban, V., Victor, S. M., Joseph, G., Thomson, V. S., Kannan, K., … Mullasari, A. S. (2017). The impact of systems-of-care on pharmacoinvasive management with streptokinase: The subgroup analysis of the TN-STEMI programme. Indian Heart Journal, 69(5), 573–579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2017.07.006