Objective: To investigate whether there is a difference in the risk of progressing to BPH-related prostatic surgery between patients using alpha-blockers and patients using the 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs). Methods: A population-based cohort study was conducted, using data from the PHARMO Record Linkage System. We identified 5671 patients (≥50 years old, no history of using both alpha-blockers and 5-ARIs, more than one year of database history prior to the first date of BPH drug-dispensing), who filled at least one prescription for either alpha-blockers (alfuzosin, tamsulosin, terazosin) or 5-ARIs (finasteride). The incidence of BPH-related surgery was compared between patients treated with alpha-blockers and patients treated with 5-ARIs. Results: The cumulative incidence of BPH-related prostatic surgery was 15.2% and mainly involved transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) (13.4%). Patients using alpha-blockers had a significantly increased risk of BPH-related prostatic surgery compared to patients using 5-ARIs, which remained after adjusting for age, calendar time, type of prescriber and chronic disease score (adjusted HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.24-1.88). The difference between alpha-blockers and 5-ARIs was sustained after stratification of time period (< 1995, ≥ 1995) and exclusion of patients with prostatic surgery within one month of treatment initiation. Conclusions: It is concluded that alpha-blocker treated patients had a higher risk of BPH-related surgery compared to 5-ARI treated patients. Additional research on the long-term outcomes and risk factors for the natural progression of BPH is necessary to identify the optimal medical treatment for BPH patients according to their baseline characteristics. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Souverein, P. C., Erkens, J. A., De la Rosette, J. J. M. C. H., Leufkens, H. G. M., & Herings, R. M. C. (2003). Drug treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and hospital admission for BPH-related surgery. European Urology, 43(5), 528–534. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0302-2838(03)00089-7