Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are not only essential during manufacturing operations. Also during the development phases of product and manufacturing system, where future performance of the operational order-to-delivery-process is set, KPIs are important to consider. This paper introduces "enabling indicators" that can be analyzed or assessed in early phases of product and manufacturing development. This principle is illustrated by an industrial example where an alignment is ensured within each KPI area (Quality, Delivery etc) throughout the life cycle of the manufacturing system, starting off in Advanced Engineering throughout Production preparation, Production realization, Production ramp-up, and finally Operation.
Wiktorsson, M., Andersson, C., & Turunen, V. (2018). Leading towards high-performance manufacturing - Enabling indicators in early R&D phases ensuring future KPI outcome. In Procedia Manufacturing (Vol. 25, pp. 223–230). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.077