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Integrating Backlight with Color-Filter-Free Panel for Enhancing Performance of LCD

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In this study, we proposed an innovative concept of integrating a polarized color-separating backlight with a color-filter-free LC panel for enhancing performance of the curved LCD system. We design a two-level folded backlight to exploit the light sources LEDs with color enhancement by quantum-dot technology to produce color beams emerging at separate angles with a linearly polarizing state. The integrated LC panel focuses the separating color beams onto the corresponding subpixels with no need of the color filter; redirects the color beams at respective angles into the normal and reforms their angular shapes to be identical for attaining good color uniformity in the viewing cone. We established a system model for simulation to evaluate its performance. According to the simulation results, it performs the high optical efficiency of 33.75% that is about four times the traditional LCD, and displays color gamut of 94.1% NTSC (CIE 1931). It also provides the illuminance uniformity of 90% above and good color uniformity in both the spatial space and angular space of the viewing cone with horizontal and vertical angular widths of 100° and 75°, respectively. Furthermore, the simulation results demonstrate that the design can apply to a 55-inch curved LCD and further extend the maximum diagonal size up to 88 inches while keeping slim volume with a minimal thickness of 6.5 mm.




Teng, T. C., & Sun, C. H. (2020). Integrating Backlight with Color-Filter-Free Panel for Enhancing Performance of LCD. IEEE Photonics Journal, 12(1).

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