This chapter investigates the relationship Spanish members of national and regional parliaments have with the European Union (EU). Initially the main hypothesis relied on the “ever-closer union” approach. As Spain is one of the European countries that benefits most from European financial transfers, one would expect the Spanish parliamentary to be very EU-oriented. The final results, however, suggests a very different picture. Although Spanish parliamentarians’ opinion of the EU is generally positive, the data also demonstrated that the EU is virtually absent from their daily concerns. Indeed, the analysis shows that the relationship between the EU and Spanish parliamentarians is based on a so-called “permissive consensus”: Spanish parliamentarians are aware of the benefits and relevance of the EU, but the dynamics of Spanish politics remain clearly national and regional.
Mayoral, J. A., Carillo-López, A., & Harguindéguy, J. B. (2017). Parliaments and the European Union. In Political Power in Spain: The Multiple Divides between MPs and Citizens (pp. 287–304). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63826-3_15