HPLC-ICP-MS utilising a ZirChrom®-SAX column with an aqueous 10 mM ammonium dihydrogen phosphate mobile phase at pH 7.5 (adjusted with aqueous ammonia) was evaluated for measuring glycerol arsenoriboside (OH-ribose), phosphate arsenoriboside (PO4-ribose), sulfonate arsenoriboside (SO3-ribose) and sulfate arsenoriboside (OSO3-ribose) in marine macroalgae and animals by analysis of seven reference materials. The results obtained were compared to those obtained using PRP-X100 anion-exchange chromatography. Inorganic arsenic species were not eluted from the zirconium column due to the strong interaction with the zirconia stationary phase. Measurements of SO3-ribose and OSO3-ribose concentrations were in close agreement with those obtained using the PRP-X100 column with a 0.005 mg As kg−1 detection limit. Peak shapes of these arsenoriboses were improved allowing lower amounts to be quantified. The quantification of OH-ribose and PO4-ribose, however, was sample dependent and not possible if arsenobetaine (AB) and (DMA) were present at large concentrations in samples because of coelution of these species with OH-ribose and PO4-ribose, respectively. In the absence of OH-ribose, AB can be determined using the zirconium column while AB on the PRP-X100 column coelutes with arsenic cations.
Alkasasbeh, E., Maher, W. A., Adly, F. G., Foster, S., & Krikowa, F. (2019). The use of zirconium stationary phase to determine the four major arsenoriboses concentrations in marine organisms by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry. Microchemical Journal, 150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2019.104099