The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) auxiliary gene vif is essential for virus propagation in peripheral blood lymphocytes, macrophages, and in some T-cell lines. Previously, it was demonstrated that Vif inhibits the autoprocessing of truncated HIV-1 Gag-Pol polyproteins expressed in bacterial cells, and that purified recombinant Vif and Vif-derived peptides inhibit and bind HIV-1 protease (PR). Here we show that Vif interacts with the N-terminal region of HIV-1 PR, and demonstrate that peptide derived from the N-terminal region of PR abrogates Vif function in non-permissive cells. Specifically, we show that (i) Vif protein binds HIV-1 PR, but not covalently linked tethered PR-PR; (ii) the four amino acids residing at the N terminus of HIV-1 PR are essential for Vif/PR interaction; (iii) synthetic peptide derived from the N terminus of HIV-1 PR inhibits Vif/PR binding; and (iv) this peptide inhibits the propagation of HIV-1 in restrictive cells. Based on these data, we suggest that Vif interacts with the dimerization sites of the viral protease, and that peptide residing at the N terminus of PR abrogates Vif function(s). © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hutoran, M., Britan, E., Baraz, L., Blumenzweig, I., Steinitz, M., & Kotler, M. (2004). Abrogation of Vif function by peptide derived from the N-terminal region of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease. Virology, 330(1), 261–270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2004.09.029