The high incidence of acute hemolysis due to favism in Ahvaz, Iran-clinical features and laboratory findings

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Abstract

Objective: To collect comprehensive information about the features of favic patients in Ahvaz (Capital of Khouzestan, Iran) and analyze the extent of the differences with their corresponding in other regions. Methods: A total of 103 patients with acute hemolysis admitted to pediatric division of Abouzar Hospital located in the city of Ahvaz, Iran during 21st of June 2008 to 20th of June 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: 95.14% of the patients had favism while 4.86% of them underwent hemolysis due to other reasons. These patients were male (68.93%) and female children (31.06%) admitted mostly during the spring season. The three main symptoms were urine discoloration, jaundice and vomiting. At the admission time, the main hematologic findings were as follows: G6PD sufficient status (45.63%), G6PD deficient status (54.36%) and hemoglobin concentration: 2.5-11.8 (mean±SD: 6.45 ±2.12) g/dL. Conclusions: In conclusion, Ahvaz was determined as a black zone for favism in which the disease can be considered a life threatening health problem. Moreover, slight differences were observed in the three main symptoms compared with favic patients in other regions. © 2010.

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Aletayeb, S. M. H., Chomeili, B., Taheri, M., Kajbaf, T. Z., Hakimzadeh, M., Aminzadeh, M., … Maleki, S. (2010). The high incidence of acute hemolysis due to favism in Ahvaz, Iran-clinical features and laboratory findings. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 3(5), 399–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(10)60097-1

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