ABCB1 C3435T Polymorphism and Response to Clopidogrel Treatment in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Patients: A Meta-Analysis

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: A number of investigators have evaluated the association between the ABCB1 polymorphism and clopidogrel responding, but the results have been inconclusive. To examine the risk of high platelet activity and poor clinical outcomes associated with the ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism in CAD patients on clopidogrel, all available studies were included in the present meta-analysis.<br /><br />METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane library database for eligible studies. Articles meeting the inclusion criteria were comprehensively reviewed, and the available data were accumulated by the meta-analysis.<br /><br />RESULTS: It was demonstrated that the ABCB1 C3435T variation was associated with the risk of early major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (T vs. C OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.62; P=0.003; TT vs. CC: OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.19 to 2.63; P=0.005; CT + TT vs.CC: OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.06 to 2.06; P=0.02) and the polymorphism was also associated with the risk of the long-term MACE in patients on clopidogrel LD 300 mg (T vs. C: OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.48; P=0.001; TT vs. CC: OR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.19 to 2.13; P=0.002; CT + TT vs.CC: OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.79; P=0.01). The comparison of TT vs. CC was associated with a reduction in the outcome of bleeding (TT vs. CC: OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.66; P<0.00001). However, the association between ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism and platelet activity and other risk of poor clinical outcomes was not significant.<br /><br />CONCLUSIONS: The evidence from our meta-analysis indicated that the ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism might be a risk factor for the MACE in patients on clopidogrel LD 300 mg, and that TT homozygotes decreased the outcome of bleeding compared with CC homozygotes.

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Su, J., Xu, J., Li, X., Zhang, H., Hu, J., Fang, R., & Chen, X. (2012). ABCB1 C3435T Polymorphism and Response to Clopidogrel Treatment in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Patients: A Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE, 7(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046366

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