We evaluated the DTI changes in the deep gray nuclei and dorsal brain stem, which demonstrated abnormal T2 and/or diffusion signal intensity, in 6 patients with infantile spasm treated with vigabatrin compared with 6 age-matched controls. Regions of interest were placed in the globi pallidi, thalami, and dorsal brain stem; FA, trace, D(‖), and D(⊥) were measured. Patients on vigabatrin had significantly lower FA in both globi pallidi (P = .01) and the dorsal brain stem (P < .01), significantly lower trace in both globi pallidi (P = .01) and the thalami (P = .02 and .01 for right and left, respectively), and significantly lower D(‖) in both globi pallidi (P ≤ .01), the thalami (P < .01), and the dorsal brain stem (P = .03). There were no significant differences in D(⊥) of the globi pallidi, thalami, or dorsal brain stem in patients compared with controls. The findings suggest that axonal changes play a greater role in the observed abnormal signal intensity, with lesser contribution from myelin changes.
Simao, G. N., Zarei Mahmoodabadi, S., Snead, O. C., Go, C., & Widjaja, E. (2011). Abnormal axial diffusivity in the deep gray nuclei and dorsal brain stem in infantile spasm treated with vigabatrin. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 32(1), 199–203. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A2224