The laser cladding process gains importance, as it does not only allow the application of surface coatings, but also additive manufacturing of three-dimensional parts. In both cases, process simulation can contribute to process optimization. Heat source modeling is one of the main issues for an accurate model and simulation of the laser cladding process. While the laser beam intensity distribution is readily known, the other two main effects on the process' heat input are non-trivial. Namely the measurement of the absorptivity of the applied materials as well as the powder attenuation. Therefore, calorimetry measurements were carried out. The measurement method and the measurement results for laser cladding of Stellite® 6 on structural steel S 235 and for the processing of Inconel® 625 are presented both using a CO2 laser as well as a high power diode laser (HPDL). Additionally, a heat source model is deduced.
Wirth, F., Eisenbarth, D., & Wegener, K. (2016). Absorptivity measurements and heat source modeling to simulate laser cladding. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 83, pp. 1424–1434). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2016.08.148