Objectives: To compare the academic achievement of medical students tutored by near-peers and medical stu-dents tutored by faculty. Methods: A retrospective comparison study was conducted. In a total of 36 courses, 24 medical student groups were tutored by either faculty members or near-peers, from 2005 to 2010. To compare academic achievement students we used the test scores for individual courses and a combined overall standardized score for all courses together. Results: A total of 1201 and 8722 students were tutored by near-peers and faculty members, respectively. Of 36 cours-es, the mean test scores of five courses were higher for faculty members tutoring and the mean test scores of 29 courses were higher for near-peers tutoring. Additional analysis of standardized test scores showed that students who were tutored by peers outperformed students who were tutored by faculty members (t (9921) =5.345, P<0.05; Cohen's d=0.17). Conclusions: Our data suggest that junior medical students are not put at a disadvantage when being tutored by senior medical students. It appears that near-peer tutoring has at least similar benefits as faculty tutoring.
ten Cate, O., van de Vorst, I., & van den Broek, S. (2012). Academic achievement of students tutored by near-peers. International Journal of Medical Education, 3, 6–13. https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4f0c.9ed2