Acclimation of mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts of maize to different irradiances during growth

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Abstract

The regulation by light of the photosynthetic apparatus, and composition of light-harvesting complexes in mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts was investigated in maize. Leaf chlorophyll content, level of plastoquinone, PSI and PSII activities and Lhc polypeptide compositions were determined in plants grown under high, moderate and low irradiances. Photochemical efficiency of PSII, photochemical fluorescence quenching and non-photochemical fluorescence quenching over a range of actinic irradiances were also determined, using chlorophyll a fluorescence analysis. Acclimation of plants to different light conditions caused marked changes in light-harvesting complexes, LHCI and LHCII, and antenna complexes were also reorganized in these types of chloroplasts. The level of LHCII increased in plants grown in low light, even in agranal bundle sheath chloroplasts where the amount of PSII was strongly reduced. Irradiance also affected LHCI complex and the number of structural polypeptides, in this complex, generally decreased in chloroplasts from plants grown under lower light. Surprisingly moderate and low irradiances during growth do not affect the light reaction and fluorescence parameters of plants but generated differences in composition of light-harvesting complexes in chloroplasts. On the other hand, the changes in photosynthetic apparatus in plants acclimated to high light, resulted in a higher efficiency of photosynthesis. Based on these observations we propose that light acclimation to high light in maize is tightly coordinated adjustment of light reaction components/activity in both mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts. Acclimation is concerned with balancing light utilization and level of the content of LHC complexes differently in both types of chloroplasts. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Drozak, A., & Romanowska, E. (2006). Acclimation of mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts of maize to different irradiances during growth. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1757(11), 1539–1546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2006.09.001

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