Accuracy of multislice computed tomography in the preoperative assessment of coronary disease in patients scheduled for heart valve surgery

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Abstract

Background: Coronary angiography (CA), an invasive and expensive procedure, is still recommended in most patients referred for elective valve surgery. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is a promising alternative technique to rule out significant coronary artery lesions. Aim: To evaluate MSCT in detecting significant coronary artery lesions in patients referred for elective valve surgery. Methods: Between August 2007 and December 2010, patients referred for elective valve surgery were identified prospectively and underwent 64-slice MSCT and CA. We compared significant coronary stenoses, defined as a reduction of luminal diameter ≥ 50%, to establish the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT. All coronary segments were analysed and uninterpretable lesions were scored positive. Results: Forty-eight patients were included (62.5% male; mean age 65 ± 12 years), the majority had aortic insufficiency (37.7%) or aortic stenosis (32.0%). The prevalence of significant coronary artery stenoses was 27.1%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of MSCT were 77%, 89%, 71% and 91%, respectively, in a patient-based analysis; 82%, 86%, 64% and 94% in a revascularization-based analysis; 67%, 94%, 52% and 97% in a vessel-based analysis; and 65%, 98%, 52% and 99% in a segment-based analysis. Overall, CA could have been avoided in 65% of patients. Conclusion: In patients referred for elective valve surgery, MSCT had a high diagnostic accuracy to rule out significant coronary stenoses. However, larger multicenter studies in an unselected population of patients are needed to determine its place within the range of diagnostic tool in the preoperative assessment of valvular heart disease. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.

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Jakamy, R., Barthélémy, O., Le Feuvre, C., Berman, E., Boutekadjirt, R., Cluzel, P., … Helft, G. (2012). Accuracy of multislice computed tomography in the preoperative assessment of coronary disease in patients scheduled for heart valve surgery. Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 105(8–9), 424–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2012.05.004

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