The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that the acetonic and methanolic extracts of H. inuloides prevent carbon tetrachloride-(CCl 4 ) induced oxidative stress in vital tissues. Pretreatment with both H. inuloides extracts or quercetin attenuated the increase in serum activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (BB), creatinine (CRE), and creatine kinase (CK), and impeded the decrease of γ -globulin ( γ -GLOB) and albumin (ALB) observed in CCl 4 -induced tissue injury. The protective effect was confirmed by histological analysis with hematoxylin-eosin and periodic acid/Schiff's reagent. Level of lipid peroxidation was higher in the organs of rats exposed to CCl 4 than in those of the animals treated with Heterohteca extracts or quercetin, and these showed levels similar to the untreated group. Pretreatment of animals with either of the extracts or quercetin also prevented the increase of 4-hydroxynonenal and 3-nitrotyrosine. Pretreatment with the plant extracts or quercetin attenuated CCl 4 toxic effects on the activity of several antioxidant enzymes. The present results strongly suggest that the chemopreventive effect of the extracts used and quercetin, against CCl 4 toxicity, is associated with their antioxidant properties and corroborated previous results obtained in liver tissue.
Coballase-Urrutia, E., Pedraza-Chaverri, J., Cárdenas-Rodríguez, N., Huerta-Gertrudis, B., García-Cruz, M. E., Montesinos-Correa, H., … Espinosa-Aguirre, J. J. (2013). Acetonic and methanolic extracts of heterotheca inuloides, and quercetin, decrease CCloxidative stress in several rat tissues. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/659165