Achalasia: A case report on its effect during surgical decision making for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in the young morbidly obese patient

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Abstract

Introduction Achalasia is a condition that occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) fails to properly relax, combined with slowing/failure of esophageal peristalsis. This is seen clinically by not allowing solids and liquids to pass easily into the stomach. Achalasia is not historically associated with morbid obesity, yet dual treatment of morbid obesity and achalasia is becoming more prominent due to the worldwide obesity epidemic. Presentation of case Achalasia is typically a disease that affects non-obese adults over the age of 55, which makes the discussion of this case report unique in that our patient is a 23 year-old woman who successfully underwent per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in preparation for a future laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. There is sparse literature on combining laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) and partial fundoplication versus POEM with either restrictive or malabsorptive minimally invasive bariatric procedures. Discussion LHM and partial fundoplication have long been considered the gold standard surgical treatment for achalasia by disrupting both the longitudinal and circular muscle layers of the LES. The newer, less invasive, POEM technique will be compared to the gold standard LHM and Dor fundoplication in this uncharacteristically young morbidly obese achalasia patient. The decision to pursue a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy over a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was multifactorial due to the patient's concerns regarding malabsorption of vitamins and nutrients in the event of a future pregnancy. Conclusion The patient has already undergone a POEM procedure, which was chosen to maintain the gastric fundus, cardia, and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) architecture as opposed to a LHM with Dor fundoplication, which would have altered the anatomy, thus making a concomitant laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy an unfeasible option.

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APA

Oviedo, R. J., Sofiak, C. W., & Dixon, B. M. (2016). Achalasia: A case report on its effect during surgical decision making for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in the young morbidly obese patient. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 26, 4–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.06.046

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