This study focuses on the effects of long-term renin-angiotensin system suppression and/or incretin mimetic therapies on the regulation and binding affinity of GLP-1 to its receptor in the coronary endothelium (CE) and cardiomyocytes (CMs) of type 1 diabetic male Sprague-Dawley rats. The groups assessed are normal (N), streptozotocin-induced diabetic (D), Insulin treated (DI), Exendin-4 treated (DE), Aliskiren treated (DA), cotreated with Insulin and Aliskiren (DIA) and cotreated with exendin-4 and Aliskiren (DEA). Heart perfusion with 125I-GLP-1 was performed to estimate GLP-1 binding affinity (τ=1/k-n) to its receptor in the heart. Western Blotting was assessed to determine the expression variation of GLP-1 receptor in the heart. Plasma GLP-1 levels were measured using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Diabetes decreased the τ value on CE and increased it on CMs compared to normal. The combination of Exendin-4 with Aliskiren showed a normalizing effect on the binding affinity of GLP-1 at the coronary endothelium, while at the cardiomyocyte level Exendin-4 treatment alone was the most effective. Copyright 2011 Shushan B. Artinian et al.
Artinian, S. B., Al Lafi, S. M., Boutary, S. S., Bitar, K. M., Zwainy, N. S., & Bikhazi, A. B. (2011). Assessment of glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue and renin inhibitor on the binding and regulation of glp-1 receptor in type 1 diabetic rat hearts. Experimental Diabetes Research, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/489708