Transcriptomic dynamics in soybean near-isogenic lines differing in alleles for an aphid resistance gene, following infestation by soybean aphid biotype 2

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Abstract

Background: Genetic resistance of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] against Aphis glycines provides effective management of this invasive pest, though the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate genome-wide changes in gene expressions of soybean near-isogenic lines (NILs) either with the Rag5 allele for resistance or the rag5 allele for susceptibility to the aphid following infestation with soybean aphid biotype 2. Results: The resistant (R)-NIL responded more rapidly to aphid infestation than the susceptible (S)-NIL, with differential expressions of 2496 genes during first 12 h of infestation (hai), compared to the aphid-free control. Although the majority of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the R-NIL also responded to aphid infestation in S-NIL, overall the response time was longer and/or the magnitude of change was smaller in the S-NIL. In addition, 915 DEGs in R-NIL continued to be regulated at all time points (0, 6, 12, and 48 hai), while only 20 DEGs did so in S-NIL. Enriched gene ontology of the 2496 DEGs involved in plant defense responses including primary metabolite catalysis, oxidative stress reduction, and phytohormone-related signaling. By comparing R- vs. S-NIL, a total of 556 DEGs were identified. Of the 13 genes annotated in a 120-kb window of the Rag5 locus, two genes (Glyma.13 g190200 and Glyma.13 g190600) were differentially expressed (upregulated in S- or R-NIL), and another gene (Glyma.13 g190500) was induced up to 4-fold in the R-NIL at 6 and 12 h following aphid infestation. Conclusions: This study strengthens our understanding of the defense dynamics in compatible and incompatible interactions of soybean and soybean aphid biotype 2. Several DEGs (e.g., Glyma.13 g190200, Glyma.13 g190500, and Glyma.13 g190600) near the Rag5 locus are strong candidate genes for further investigations.

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Lee, S., Cassone, B. J., Wijeratne, A., Jun, T. H., Michel, A. P., & Mian, M. A. R. (2017). Transcriptomic dynamics in soybean near-isogenic lines differing in alleles for an aphid resistance gene, following infestation by soybean aphid biotype 2. BMC Genomics, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-3829-9

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