In this article, I draw on the experiences of Iraqi diasporas in the UK and Sweden after the 2003 US-led intervention to demonstrate how ethno-sectarianism in Iraq has affected their political transnationalism. Using the concepts of intersectionality and positionality, I show how the reconfiguration of the social positions of individuals and groups in the diaspora affects their types of political engagement and the spaces in which political mobilization takes place. In the case of the Iraqi diaspora, I show how, among other things, the social categories of ethnicity, religion and gender create positions of both subordination and privilege, which inhibit, reshape and empower the political actions of diasporas in both the homeland and host country. In societies divided along ethnic, religious or tribal lines, the social positions of individuals and groups relative to the dominant ethnic/religious political parties and the nationalist ideology they promote determine the nature of their diasporic mobilization.
Kadhum, O. (2019). Ethno-sectarianism in Iraq, diaspora positionality and political transnationalism. Global Networks, 19(2), 158–178. https://doi.org/10.1111/glob.12222