Since most sudden cardiac death victims show neither symptoms before the event nor other singns or risk factors that would have identified them as a high risk population before their cardiac arrest, emergency out-of-hospital medical services must be improved in order to obtain a higher survival in these patients. Early defibrillation is an essential part of the chain of survival that also includes the early identification of the victim, activation of the emergency medical system, immediate arrival of trained personnel who can perform basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation and early initiation of advanced cardiac life support that would raise the survival rate for sudden cardiac arrest victims. Many studies have demonstrated the enormous importance of early defibrillation in patients with a cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The most important predictor of survival in these individuals is the time that elapses until electric defibrillation, the longer the time to defbrillation the lower the number of patients who are eventually discharged. Multiple studies have demonstrated that automatic external defibrillation will reduce the time elapsed to defibrillation and thus improve survival. For these reason, public access defibrillation to allow the use of automatic external defibrillators by minimally trained members of the lay public, has received increasing interest on the part of a groving number of companies, cities or countries. The automatic external defibrillaton, as performed by a lay person is being investigated. The liberalization of its application, if is demonstrated to be effective, will need to be accompanied by legal measures to endorse it and appropriate health education, probably during secondary education.
Marín-Huerta, E., Peinado, R., Asso, A., Loma, Á., Villacastín, J. P., Muñiz, J., & Brugada, J. (2000). Muerte súbita cardíaca extrahospitalaria y desfibrilación precoz. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 53(6), 851–865. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-8932(00)75165-7