Adherencia al tratamiento en la insuficiencia cardiaca y las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación

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Abstract

Motivation To determine the efficacy of the use of information and communication technologies in the treatment adherence of patients with heart failure that were assisted at the Heart Failure Unit of Bogotá. Methods A clinical trial was conducted with pre-, post-test and control group. Three randomised groups of 37 participants each were conformed, two of which received an intervention during two months based in the use of information and communication technology; group 1 received telephone follow-up plus text messages, group 2 telephone follow-up plus emails and group 3, which was the control group, received the usual nurse follow-up at a Heart Failure Unit. Results The three defined study groups significantly modified their average adherence levels; groups 1 and 2 the increase is attributable to the intervention with the use of information and communication technologies, likewise, adherence of the control group participants who received the usual care at a Heart Failure Unit also showed a significant increase. Conclusion The use of information and communication technologies, such as the telephone follow-up associated to text messages and emails, rose the adherence to the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment in patients with heart failure by motivating and monitoring patients.

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Hernández-Pinzón, C., & Flórez-Flórez, M. L. (2017). Adherencia al tratamiento en la insuficiencia cardiaca y las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. Revista Colombiana de Cardiologia, 24(2), 96–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2016.07.001

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