Adolescents' jobs and the course of dermatitis symptoms throughout puberty

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the course of dermatitis symptoms throughout puberty taking into account occupational exposures in a population-based study. METHODS: Participants enrolled in the ISAAC-II (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) study in Munich and Dresden in 1995 and 1996 were sent a postal questionnaire in 2002 (age at follow-up 16 to 18 years). The questionnaire included items on atopic diseases, jobs, including holiday jobs and vocational training, and potential confounders. The most recent of the adolescents' jobs held for at least 8 hours a week, and for at least 1 month, were coded according to the ISCO-88 system. RESULTS: Overall, data of 3785 adolescents were included in the analyses. The incidence of dermatitis symptoms during puberty among those without such symptoms at baseline was 7%. Altogether 31% of the participants reported an employment history. Those already employed were more likely to report a new onset of dermatitis symptoms. Jobs associated with a new onset of symptoms were work in the health care sector, vocational training in bakeries, and cleaning. The first 9 months of exposure were particularly relevant for new cases of dermatitis symptoms (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 1.5-9.6). CONCLUSIONS: Early occupational exposure is associated with the development of symptoms of dermatitis. The types of skin alterations need to be assessed in the next stage of the study.

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APA

Radon, K., Riu, E., Dressel, H., Windstetter, D., Weinmayr, G., Weiland, S., … Nowak, D. (2006). Adolescents’ jobs and the course of dermatitis symptoms throughout puberty. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 32(2), 132–137. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.988

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