Can the adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs be detected in saccadic eye movements'

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Purpose The objective of this study was to determine whether the adverse effects of antiepileptic-drugs could be assessed by the eye movements of epilepsy patients. Methods This study was performed prospectively in a single tertiary hospital. The inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: (1) consecutive patients with epilepsy taking antiepileptic-drugs regularly for at least 1 year, (2) the absence of structural lesions on MRI, (3) an age ≥16 years old, (4) not using medications that could influence eye movement, and (5) a normal neurological examination. The latency, peak velocity and accuracy of the saccades and the gain of the pursuits were recorded by video-based electro-oculography. We analyzed the differences in the parameters of the eye movements for 75 patients with epilepsy and 20 normal controls matched for age and sex. Results The total latency (1017.7 ± 148.9 ms vs. 1150.7 ± 106.6 ms, p = 0.0003) and accuracy [370.7% (95% CI 364.1-376.4%, range 306-408.2%), 92.7% as total accuracy normalized value vs. 383.6% (95% CI 378.8-398%, range 322.9-417.4%), 95.9% as total accuracy normalized value, p = 0.0005] were significantly different between the patients with epilepsy and normal controls. For the detection of nystagmus with video-based electro-oculography, the clear cutoff values of total accuracy (≤388.7%, 97.2% as total accuracy normalized value) revealed 93.4% sensitivity and 28.6% specificity, and the clear cutoff values of total latency (≤1005.5 ms) showed 49.2% sensitivity and 78.6% specificity. Conclusions The total latency and accuracy of video-based electro-oculography may be screened to identify patients with a high risk of adverse effects with antiepileptic-drugs.

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Park, K. M., Shin, K. J., Ha, S. Y., Park, J., Kiim, S. E., Kim, H. C., … Kim, S. E. (2015). Can the adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs be detected in saccadic eye movements’. Seizure, 25, 33–36.

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