Objective: To investigate the cytotoxicity of the crude ethanol extract of the rhizome of Zingiber zerumbet (Z. zerumbet) (L) Smith. and Curcuma zedoaria (C. zedoaria) Rosc. against Artemia salina Leach. Methods: Fresh rhizomes of Z. zerumbet (L) Smith. and C. zedoaria Rosc. were extracted separately in cold with ethanol (2.5 L) and after concentration a brownish syrupy suspension of ethanol extracts of Z. zerumbet (L) Smith. and C. zedoaria Rosc. was obtained. The cytotoxic effect of the crude ethanol extracts of both plants was determined by brine shrimp lethality bioassay. Results: Crude ethanol extracts of the rhizome of Z. zerumbet (L) Smith. showed the highest cytotoxicity (LC50 was 1.24 μ g/mL) against brine shrimp nauplii as compared with C. zedoaria Rosc. (LC50 was 33.593 μ g/mL) after 24 h of exposure. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the rhizome of Z. zerumbet (L) Smith. and C. zedoaria Rosc. can be used as a source of cytotoxic agent.
Hossain, S., Kader, G., Nikkon, F., & Yeasmin, T. (2012). Cytotoxicity of the rhizome of medicinal plants. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(2), 125–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60205-0